Speakers that are too widely spaced may provide a stereo image with a hole-in-the-middle. Conversely, speakers that are placed too close together may lead you to overly wide panning choices—when the resulting mix is heard on other systems, mix elements may be bunched together in the left and right speakers and the center, with gaps between, sounding like one of those old mono 60s mixes that was turned into fake stereo—again, not properly making use of the stereo sound field.
Weaker, longer reflections—like from the back of the room—can provide enough overall ambience to make for a comfortable listening environment without too much interference. The console itself or tabletop, in smaller rigs —right in front of the listener, between the monitors and sweet spot—can be a significant source of these undesirable strong, strong reflections.
While you may not be able to completely avoid all such reflections as attempted with certain high-end studio designs , you can try to minimize them. There are a number of reasons why consistently monitoring at too loud a level is not a good idea. Many people are familiar with the Fletcher-Munson curves, which describe an aspect of human hearing.
Our ears are more sensitive to high end and, especially, to low end, at higher listening levels—in other words, we hear a little more treble and a lot more bass when the music is cranked up! But while this may make for an exciting, enjoyable listening experience, if you consistently monitor at such loud levels above 90 dBspl , your decisions about how to set the level of bass in the mix will only be valid at those loud listening levels. People who play your mixes at lower levels will perceive a lack of bass, resulting in exactly the opposite of what you heard—much weaker bass, and a thin, sometimes screechy, mix.
One more extra suggestion.. But be careful to balance the output of the sub to the monitors. Typically, this means the sub will provide frequencies below 80 Hz or so, adding up to an octave to the frequency response of your average small monitor. Do you want to learn more about acoustics? More articles by this author. Joe is a musician, engineer, and producer in NYC. He's also taught all aspects of recording and music technology at several NY audio schools, and has been writing articles for Recording magaz Create an account or login to get started!
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A NonLinear Educating Company. Correctly setting up studio monitors is crucial to ensure your audio productions aren't awash with problems. In this enlightening read, Joe Albano discusses 7 things which can be avoided. Avoid the Hype Consumer speakers are often designed to make everything played through them sound as good as possible. Fig 2 Free-standing placement L vs wall-placement R of studio monitors. Fig 3 Rear-panel speaker controls for different speaker placements.
How To Set Up Studio Monitors
Avoid Asymmetry Even if you avoid backing the monitors up against the wall, reflections from room boundaries will still affect the sound. Fig 4 Stereo monitors symmetrically positioned between side walls. Avoid Poor Angles Positioning the monitors either too close together or too far apart can mess up your stereo panning decisions. Avoid Excessive Levels There are a number of reasons why consistently monitoring at too loud a level is not a good idea.
Avoid too Much Sub One more extra suggestion.. Joe Albano More articles by this author. Two questions on point It's great no stuffing around with cables and what not, just press a button here and a button there Thats how I go about it, that doesn't mean that it's the best way, I think you'll find lots of different ways of going about it, and you'll also find your way of going about it that best suits your needs. How to hook up home stereo to my studio monito. I have the Baby HUI discontinued now works a treat.
I had the same problem with masses of inputs and went semi-pro more like semi-demi-pro really and got a Soundcraft Compact 4 , which is a cheaper unit too. Nice thing about this is that it's designed to be part of a small DAW and has dedicated computer line-in and outs, as well as a DI button, and a setting for a vinyl record deck. I was worried about noise at that price, but it sounds clean to me.
It's also a revelation to move over to a proper monitoring amp which doesn't have tone controls so you know the sound that's coming out of the PC is exactly what you've recorded and not been affected by the tone settings on your amp in theory. The 'tone controls' for the CD player, radio, etc.
How To Set Up Studio Monitors | Performer Mag
View Public Profile Send a private message to K. Find all posts by K. Karel Hijacked another one. Find all posts by lemix. All times are GMT The time now is Page 1 of 2. Sound and light travel in waves and reflect in similar ways angle of incidence equals angle of reflection , so the mirror shows the first reflection paths from your speakers to your listening position. Ceilings, floors, and consoles also can be a source of unwanted reflections.
1. Avoid the Hype
Standing waves are a particular case of constructive and destructive interference between parallel walls causing certain frequencies to either ring or all but disappear at specific locations anti-nodes and nodes. The poor bass response in un-trapped rooms contributes to many home studio mixes having problems in the low end. The missing bass is caused by sound bouncing between two walls, with the low pressure in one direction combining with the high pressure in the other, thereby cancelling each other out.
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The thicker the panel, the better the low-frequency absorption. Leaving a small space between panel and wall also improves low frequency performance. We hope this installment has helped guide you on your way to setting up studio monitors for optimal recording and mixing in your home studio. Keep in mind that this series is aimed primarily at the beginner home studio user in an effort to dispel common myths about home recording, and to make the entire process much less intimidating than it might seem at first.
Your email address will not be published. As a musician, you probably already use social media to promote your songs, invite people to your gigs, and grab the attention of new fans. But, are you satisfied Marketing Your Streams with Feature. Getting Started with Remote Recording Sessions. The New Issue is Out Now! How do you set up studio monitors?